Temperament types

Having determined a person's temperament, you will choose the right approach to his work, predict actions, and identify preferences. You will learn this from our instructions. But first, subscribe to our Telegram channel. We often publish such valuable articles!

Hippocrates was the first to distinguish types of human temperament.

What is temperament

Modern psychology believes that a person's temperament is the sum of all the personality traits associated with the dynamic aspects of the activity. Temperament is given to us from birth and cannot be changed. The individual's temperament is the foundation of human behavior, determines how he behaves and affects our whole life.

Hippocrates identified four types of temperament (also called “types of character”): phlegmatic, melancholic, sanguine, and choleric. Different temperaments have different strengths and weaknesses.

The first type of temperament — Phlegmatic

Phlegmatic people are phlegmatic, calm, and diligent. They easily cope with painstaking work and easily grasp information. Surrounding phlegmatic people may seem somewhat inhibited and slow because phlegmatic people think over every decision and choose their words carefully.

In their work, phlegmatic people prefer order. They do everything efficiently and on time. They are very responsible. They bring what they started to the end and do not lose their composure under stress.

Phlegmatic people do not like change. After drastic changes, phlegmatic people need to recover. Do not disturb them at this time. The phlegmatic will get used to the new and will work efficiently.

Assiduous professions, where they work calmly and measuredly, are suitable for this temperament. Phlegmatic people are good at office work: as a programmer, managers, or layout designers. They will suit the profession of doctor, engineer, or system administrator. Phlegmatic people are comfortable when they concentrate on work without distractions.

The second type of temperament — Melancholic

Unlike quite sociable phlegmatic people, melancholic people are considered closed, unsociable, and even pessimists. Often they are deep introverts and prefer quiet evenings with a book to noisy parties.

Phlegmatic people are calm, highly empathic, and vulnerable. A melancholic can be offended by a harmless joke; failures hard press him. Melancholics are emotional but keep emotions inside and do not share experiences. Even relatives do not always know what is going on in the soul of a melancholic.

Melancholic people are considered creative, intuitive people. There are many melancholics among famous artists and writers.

They have a great imagination. They love creativity. Melancholics become artists, writers, or designers. Very often, melancholic people go to freelancers. They write books, draw or shoot videos to order. They are suitable for professions where you need to work with people. Developed empathy (read Seven ways to increase empathy) and intuition help melancholic people anticipate clients' desires and choose the right words and positions. But first, they must learn to control their feelings and remain calm in stressful situations. 

The third type of temperament — Sanguine

Sanguine is a bright extrovert. He is always cheerful and energetic. They climb mountains and scuba dive.

Unlike melancholic people, optimistic people are charming and quickly adapt to society. They have excellent social skills and make friends easily. Not touchy and have high self-esteem. Sanguine people speak loudly, often laugh, and love to be laughed at. The people around know what the sanguine person thinks, and he will tell about his ideas and ideas even to an unfamiliar person.

Sanguine people find it hard to sit in one place. Sanguine people have difficulty concentrating. Therefore, they are often sprayed and do not finish the work they have begun. If a sanguine person has no one to talk to, he begins to feel sad, loses internal energy, and becomes depressed.

The best profession for a sanguine person is where he gets new sensations and communicates with people. Sanguine people make great pilots, account managers, journalists, and teachers.

The fourth type of temperament — Choleric

Cholerics are quick-tempered and emotional. They dominate and do everything better than others — poor self-control.

Choleric people speak loudly and indistinctly, often swallowing the endings of words or skipping them altogether—their mood changes at any moment. Cholerics are friendly and energetic. Like sanguine people, it’s hard for them to sit still and concentrate on something.

Change of mood is their main problem. Every choleric person needs to learn self-control. So they have fewer problems in life, and people are drawn to them.

Like sanguine people, energetic work without monotony suits choleric people. Choleric people make good builders, reporters, salesmen, musicians, and athletes.

How to determine your temperament

Find out what type of personality you have. It will help you choose the best profession. Use the Eysenck temperament test.


Read The truth about introverts and extroverts.

Take the test Menteora, and find out your type of temperament. As a bonus, artificial intelligence will name your most suitable professions. The accuracy of the test is 70-80% because we use a mathematical-statistical algorithm (read about Menteora's unique career guidance methodology).